maths > integers

Handling Direction in Integers

    what you'll learn...


In the earlier page, integers were introduced as directed numbers with positive values representing received direction and negative values representing given direction. In this page, the following are explained with an example.

 •  +ve of a +ve = +ve

 •  -ve of a +ve = -ve

 •  +ve of a -ve = -ve

 •  -ve of a -ve = +ve

received and given

To explain the concepts the following mapping is used.


This models the directed numbers of various forms.
eg: temperature 33 above and below 00 is modeled as received:3=3received:3=3 and given:3=-3.

The explanation in this is going to be little involved. Students can spend a little extra time thinking about each paragraph.

received a negative

Let us consider

received:(-3). We know that -3 is given:3 and so the expression is simplified.


given a negative

Let us consider

given:(-3). We know that -3 is given:3 and so the expression is simplified.


To understand the two numbers, received:(-3) and given:(-3), let us consider an example application.

A girl has a box of candies. The number of candies in the box is not counted. But, she maintains a daily account of how many are received or given.

She gave 3 candies today. The number of candies received today is -3.

Her brother took 3 candies and so, she noted received or put-in -3 candies today. This is represented asreceived:(-3)=-3

Her brother returned 3 candies which was given earlier and so, she noted given or taken away negative 3 of an earlier date. Effectively this is given:(-3)=received:3=+3


What is -(+7)?
The answer is '-7'.

What is -(-7)?
The answer is '7'.


Handling Sign in Integers :
received 3

given 3

received -3 is put-in given 3

given -3 is taken-away given 3


The outline of material to learn integers is as follows.

Note: click here for detailed outline of Integers (directed numbers)

    →   Introduction to Directed Numbers

    →   Handling Direction

    →   Ordinal Property

    →   Sign and Absolute Value

    →   Comparing Integers

    →   Predecessor & Successor

    →   Largest & Smallest

    →   Ascending & Descending

    →   Addition: First Principles

    →   Addition: Simplified Procedure

    →   Subtraction: First Principles

    →   Subtraction: Simplified Procedure

    →   Multiplication: First Principles

    →   Multiplication: Simplified Procedure

    →   Division: First Principles

    →   Division: Simplfied Procedure

    →   Numerical Expressions with Integers

    →   PEMA / BOMA